Made a quick trip to Greenland for three days in July to work on some equipment there. I did not get on the air due to work activities and operation of the incoherent scatter radar whose modulator trashes the HF bands if you’re close to it (i.e., same building). A few photos, though. These were all shot with an iPhone 5s, nothing fancy.
A few years ago, I built a 50-MHz transverter to operate 6m with my Kenwood TS-930Ses. I subsequently replaced the two 930s with an Elecraft K3/100 and Elecraft K2/100. The K3 has 6m and I sold off my TS-700S (and my 6m Mirage brick amplifier) to help finance the internal 2m board for the K3. The problem with this arrangement is that I can’t be on 6m and 2m at the same time. I recently assembled and added the SSB board and transverter interface to my K2 (no time to blog about this but they were straightforward additions like everything from Elecraft), now making it an attractive IF for the 6m transverter (and the Microwave Modules 432 transverter I have on the shelf and the 222-MHz transverter I plan to build sometime).
Enter the problem: Because I was thrifty about building the transverter at first, I had used an inexpensive and widely-available 24-MHz crystal for a 26-MHz IF. The TS-930S happily worked here (by the way, pro-tip: A lot of guys say that they liked to have the wideband transmit mods on their HF rigs so they could have a wideband signal source for testing/transverters/etc. The TS-930S will give you a low-level TX out anywhere through the transverter port, even if you don’t have the mod. Well, at least my PIEXX-equipped 930 did). However, the K2 only allows a select set of transverter IF bands to be used natively. Good fortune shone upon my endeavors when I did a quick Google search for 22-MHz crystals and one actually popped up at Newark/Element14 (part number is 86R1720, get ‘em while they’re hot)! Even better news was that it was on closeout for 12 cents apiece! I splurged and bought five, along with some other parts for another project or two I’ll post about eventually.
I carefully peeled back a layer of dead-bug components, extracted the 24-MHz crystal, and replaced it with the new 22-MHz variety, sacrificing only one 4.7-k resistor, an easily-replaced stock item at K8GU. The LO came up about 5.4 kHz low and I couldn’t peak it any higher. So, I’ll either have to futz around with the loading of the crystal or (more likely) load an offset in the K2’s transverter band entry for 6m.
The local W3APL beacon popped up at 28.0694 MHz, which is consistent with the offset I observed above. Now, I just have to get the other interfacing juju worked out to get the K2 to properly command the transverter to transmit and feed it the proper drive level.
Quick notes on converting the HP ES120 2950-watt blade server power supply to run “48-volt” amateur radio amplifiers. The power supply I have has a slightly different in configuration from the one described by W8ZN on the K8GP site.
I picked up the power supply on good terms at Dayton some years ago and finally managed to get around to hooking it up after I put two 240-volt, 20-amp circuits in my shack this spring/summer. I used a molded air conditioner extension cord with the female end cut off to attach it to the wall. Hot-ground-hot is the wiring on the AC input side. On the output, there is a jumper block and two pairs of blade connectors, with one pair being positive and the other negative, strapped together. In the middle of the output there is a jumper block.
Here is where the steps differ from the W8ZN steps: instead of shorting two pairs of pins together, this power supply requires three in a line to be shorted together. It’s visible in the photo below, I think. The center row.
I’m getting 51.4 volts unloaded. Load will be described in the future as it comes to be…
I may be the only person on the Internet who, despite its namesake, finds “Pi Day” on March 14th completely irrational. Here’s why: It’s completely arbitrary. Only we in the U.S. write the date with the month before the day and year like mm/dd/yy. This violates everything sacred about significance in number systems. Normally, digits are ordered from most- to least-significant left to right or least- to most-significance. So, Pi Day including the year actually wouldn’t occur until 3141/59/27 or 31/41/5927, neither of which are real dates anyway. Therefore, Pi Day doesn’t actually exist. I propose a rational alternative definition of Pi Day to be July 22nd (22/7) of every year. Besides, red raspberries are in season in July and not in March so I can enjoy my favorite pie.
Radio activity around here was asymptotically approaching zero until this past weekend when I managed to put about two hours into the ARRL January VHF contest. In brief, here’s what’s happening around K8GU:
- 47Q x 17G on 6 (8/2), 2 (29/11), and 432 (10/4) in ARRL January VHF. The 6-meter QSOs were all made with an HF antenna. I ran 100 watts on 432 so I’m ineligible for the 3-band category. Heard, but didn’t work, N1GC (EM59), K1TEO (FN31, whom I almost always work), and VE3??? (FN03, I had the whole call at the time but forgot, working K1RZ).
- I did not work EP6T on any bands and really don’t care. I didn’t hear much of the jamming when I did listen (on 40 and 80). To paraphrase KE9V quoting JA1NUT, “I’m kind of over DXing.” Who has time for this, anyway?
- Speaking of the seedy underbelly of DXing…do you know what a “QSL grubber” is? I’ve experienced a couple of different variations on this in the past year and it’s disturbing. One guy was asking about specific QSOs and provided detailed description of (my) signal characteristics. Nevermind the fact that I never operated on the band he mentioned during that operation. He sent similar e-mail to several friends. As if DX operators don’t talk to each other? The DXCC desk has been notified. I wonder if anybody actually falls for it or gives in, though?
- I made token efforts in NAQP CW and Phone to chalk up a participation multiplier for PVRC in the three-way PVRC-SMC-NCCC competition.
- No homebrewing or repair work has been undertaken since the summer.
- The baby can crawl and wants to walk so badly she can’t stand it. The end is near.
- I took Evan to the Odenton Hamfest on Sunday morning. The highlight for him was stopping for donuts…and stopping at a playground on the way home. Bought some Snap-N-Seal F-type compression connectors for a work project, part of my quest to find the perfect F-connector for the perfect RG-6 type cable (quad-shielded, flooded). More on this in a future post.
- It seems there are plenty of Elecraft K2’s on the market these days. As the price slips below 1000 USD for a loaded K2/100, this radio is becoming a good buy. As a secondary note, they all seem to be “professionally constructed by a well-known builder.” This leads me to wonder what fraction of K2s were built by someone other than the owner (I estimated this fraction once to be about 1/3 of them). I also wonder if people who built their own K2s hold onto them longer?
And so it goes, time to punch my card…
“One man’s signal is another man’s noise,” began Dr. Kudeki as he derived incoherent scatter radar theory from Nyquist’s noise theorem in ECE458. I think of that statement often, whether it be QRM on the ham bands or sifting through the pocket litter of web users looking for their consumption preferences.
This morning, I admired just such an example of signal and noise while watching the NOAA Doppler weather radar. Undesired targets of a radar that return echoes are termed “clutter” in the radar parlance and one simplistic way of eliminating clutter, especially when you expect the desired scatterers (“targets”) to move, is to assume that all of the stationary returns are clutter. In the weather radar, we get clutter from all sorts of stationary things like trees, hills, and buildings. Of course, what causes the clutter to move?
You see, it was one of those humid August mornings when a ham’s mind wanders to…tropospheric ducting. Yes, indeed the clutter returns were moving, intensifying before and after sunrise. I was fixated on this and watched the loop over and over again before noticing an even more interesting bit of clutter!
Beginning at 0958 UT on 4 August 2014, there is a small ring forming out over the Elk River area. The ring, which is indicated by the downward-pointing vertical arrows, expanded over the next >40 minutes. I was puzzled and watched the loop over and over. I considered and discarded a number of theories before resorting to Google. Apparently, it’s very likely a flock of birds. Sure enough, the epicenter of the ring is Elk Neck State Park. Fascinating.
The slanted arrows in the figure above indicates the ground clutter that I was originally noticing as a signature of tropo ducting, obviously now of secondary interest in this sequence of images!
Epilogue: I sent these frames to my father, who is an avid observer of the natural world. He passed them along to two friends back home who are birders. At press time, one reported that he had learned of these “bird circles” from Greg Miller, another birder from the area who got famous as one of the subjects of the book (and movie of the same title) The Big Year. I haven’t read/seen it, but I guess they went to Adak, which has a special place in my heart. Anyhow, it’s a funny small and interesting world in which we live.
Three perhaps noteworthy amateur radio activities occurred recently around K8GU: 1. During the course of some HVAC upgrades, I was able to get two holes core drilled through the foundation to bring coax and control cables into the house; 2. I operated in the NAQP August CW contest; 3. Evan and I went to the Berryville, VA, hamfest.
These two ports exit the basement into a crawl space where I will ground the cables before they enter the house. I still need to get some hydraulic cement or other quick-setting patch mortar to clean up the drill crater on the outside. Total cost: $5 in materials and a large pizza for the crew.
Screenshot above shows TRLinux after the end of the contest (obviously it was today, not last night). TRLinux performed flawlessly again with the YCCC SO2R+ box driving the KK1L band-decoder and 6×2 switch. I operated for about five hours (probably a little more, and definitely more if I used the NAQP 30-minute time-off rule to calculate it). I got up after my first operating sitting at the beginning of the contest and left the shack. As I exited the door, I was hit with the smell of hot electronics. You know the smell: like when you just let the smoke out of a transistor. I walked over to the antenna switch matrix where I was using a triplexer to split the hexagonal beam to both radios. It was warm to the touch. It seems to have continued to function, but I’ll have to disassemble it at some point to see if any irreversible damage was done.
The August NAQPs are always fun for us out East because there is the ever-present opportunity for sporadic-E throughout the contest, giving us a chance to work nearby states, which can really drive up the multiplier (and QSO, depending on the direction of the opening) total. Of course, this is the real boon of having a second radio: you can call CQ on your most productive band while looking for openings on the others. I came down after supper with the family to “work 40 meters before it goes long” and ended up with blistering 10- and 15-meter runs into the Midwest and South. Since Evan and I were planning to go to the hamfest and I don’t yet have a 160-meter antenna at the “new” QTH, I pulled the plug at midnight local time (0400). Not sure 40 meters was even getting long at that point. At any rate, it was wonderful to say “hi” to so many old friends from MRRC, MWA, SMC, PVRC, and beyond!
A final comment: You can really tell how much better one radio is than another when you have them both side-by-side on your desk. This was quite apparent when I had the K3 and the TS-930S and it is also apparent with the K3 and the K2. The K2 is a wonderful radio and fun to operate, especially in the field, but it’s not the K3 as far as fit and finish, among other things. No, I’m not buying another K3 anytime soon. The K2 is quite enough for the second radio.
I’ve always heard that the Berryville, VA, hamfest had a good boneyard/fleamarket/swapmeet but I’ve never managed to attend. I resolved to attend this year and was pleasantly surprised. Evan came along for the ham-and-egg breakfast, which was good but he rejected the ham after only consuming about 1/3 of it, and a trip to the playground at the school across the road. This is still a “real” hamfest like the ones I remember going to in the early 1990s before eBay and online trading really took the wind out of swapmeets. There were plenty of rigs spanning the spectrum of boatanchor to relatively modern, HF and VHF/UHF. There were lots of amplifiers, as well, (and a small quantity of CB junk; Texas Star, anyone?) There were also lots of antennas, and even some Rohn 25. The computer and cell phone accessory dealers were mercifully few and there were lots of tables of parts, bits and pieces. This is a ham’s hamfest and I’ll be returning. I picked up a bunch of Cinch-Jones plugs and sockets for my new cable ingress, plus some SMA connectors and flexible coax jumpers. Plus, I ran into a few friends, although not the ones I expected to see!